Recent IOF Review Examines Role of Nutrition for Sarcopenia

Posted on Jan 25 2013 at 03:19:12 PM in Health

The International Osteoporosis Foundation Nutrition Work Group has published a new review that seeks to determine the nutritional factors that are associated with building and maintaining muscle mass and the factors that lower it. This finding was meant to address how nutrition is essential in treating sarcopenia, the gradual loss of muscle mass and a common consequence of ageing.  Loss of muscle mass might lead to significant risk for disability with older adults.

Conventional therapy for preventing sarcopenia usually involves exercise in the form of strength or resistance training, however according to Professor Jean-Philippe Bonjour (Professor of Medicine at the Service of Bone Diseases, University of Geneva), he believes that adequate nutritional intake and optimum dietary acid-base balance are also very important factors in preserving muscle mass and maintaining muscle strength as we grow older.

Researchers suggest that for protein, the patients should ingest 1.0-1.5g/kg of body weight daily to maintain optimal skeletal muscle and bone health.

Vitamin D is also an essential component in maintaining muscle health as well as bone density. This si ensured by adequate sun exposure as well as supplementation when needed. For seniors some supplementation may be necessary to attain optimum skeletal muscle health.Some studies have suggested that an excess of acid causing foods, such, as, meat and cereals, in comparison to alkalizing foods like, fruits and vegetables may have a negative impact on musculoskeletal health. Increasing dietary intake of fruits and vegetables is likely to improve the health of both bones and muscles.

Another emerging research finding suggests that vitamin B12 or folic acid plays a role in strengthening muscle function. The IOF review has also discusses non-nutritional interventions such as hormones, and calls for more studies to research into other methods involving antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds for the prevention of sarcopenia.

The study group hopes that there will be more research in the field of fall and fracture prevention of elderly which must now include measures that not only prevent osteoporosis but sarcopenia as well. At the moment, a combination therapy of resistance training and optimal nutritional diet has a synergistic effect on treating sarcopenia. The research team hopes that there will be new studies that will continue to build on this for effective ways preventing and treating this condition.

Sarcopenia could represent a complication of aging that could be just as debilitating as osteoporosis. Since muscle mass is important in posture and preventing falls, loss of muscle due to sarcopenia could pose a danger of fractures and other injury. Read more about osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related side-effects on this site:



  Article Information
Created: Jan 25 2013 at 03:19:12 PM
Updated: Jan 25 2013 at 03:20:06 PM
Category: Health
Language: English