Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the Bronchi's mucous membrane, characterized by coughing and excessive secretion of phlegm which ..

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Bronchitis

07/21/2014 14:26:00 PM

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the Bronchi's mucous membrane, characterized by coughing and excessive secretion of phlegm which partially occludes the respiratory tubes. The bronchi are the breathing branches into which the trachea divides. Bronchi

Ethotoin

07/17/2014 11:23:00 AM

Ethotoin is a drug indicated for the control of grand mal (a severe form of epilepsy) and psychomotor seizures. Sold under the trade name of Peganone, it is chemically known as 3-ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin, which is an anticonvulsant of the hydantoin se

Isoproterenol Hydrochloride

07/03/2014 17:48:00 PM

The isoproterenol hydrochloride is a drug indicated primarily for the symptomatic treatment and control of bronchospasm in asthma and related respiratory disorders, including bronchitis and tracheobeonchitis. Sold under the brand name of Norisodrine,

Adrenergic Neurons

06/22/2014 16:57:00 PM

Adrenergic neurons a those nerve cells that produce norepinephrine, which is a neurotransmitter. Most of them are located in the sympathetic nervous system, at the end of posganglionic fibers, with their axons traveling to an effector. However, adren

Pheochromocytoma

06/21/2014 13:50:00 PM

Pheochromocytoma is a benign tumor that develops either in the cortical layers of the adrenal glands (adrenal medulla) or in the sympathetic ganglia. The cells of these tumor cause an excessive secretion of norepinephrine or adrenaline; as a result t

Pargyline Hydrochloride

06/20/2014 20:10:00 PM

Pargyline hydrochloride is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor used in combination with methyclothiazide to treat arterial hypertension. A monoamine oxidase is an enzyme found in the cells of most body tissues; it catalyzes the oxidation of norepinephrine,

Richest Sources of Zinc

06/04/2014 11:18:00 AM

Zinc is a bluish white metallic element, occurring in nature as a sulfide, oxide, carbonate, etc. It is essential element in our body. It takes part in the carbohydrate and protein metabolism and is part of hormones structures. Zinc deficiency weaken

Nystagmus

06/02/2014 15:24:00 PM

Nystagmus is not a disease but a symptom of a neurological medical condition. It consists of involuntary, oscillatory movement of the eyeballs, from side to side. Nystagmus can be the result of cerebral or cerebelar lesions, multiple sclerosis, and o

How to Keep Testosterone Levels High

05/31/2014 14:48:00 PM

To keep normal testosterone levels in your body, you have to avoid the five enemies of this androgenic hormone. Enemy number one is alcohol; too much alcohol inhibits the gonadotroph cells in the pituitary gland from producing luteinizing hormone, wh

Aromatase

05/28/2014 22:08:00 PM

Aromatase is an enzyme which is present in most body tissues. It transforms androgens (testosterone) into estrogen (estradiol, estrone, and estriol) through catalysis. Situated in the endoplasmic reticulum of the cell, it catalyzes testosterone, a ma

Hyoid bone

05/21/2014 08:38:00 AM

The hyoid bone is a small, U-shaped bone located in the throat. It supports the muscles that allow us to swallow and speak: geniohyoid, digastric, hyoglossus, and stylohyoid muscles. It consists of a central part, which is called the body, and latera

Mount Carmel Neanderthals

05/20/2014 14:40:00 PM

The Mount Carmel Neanderthals are the remains of Homo Neanderthalensis found in the Kebara, Tabun, and two other caves, in Mount Carmel, Israel, in 1931, by the British archeologist Dorothy Garrod. They were remarkable for the physical differences fo

Neanderthal DNA in Humans

05/19/2014 15:31:00 PM

Until five years ago, most anthropoligists and archeologists in the United States and Europe believed that the Homo Neanderthalensis, or simply Neanderthal man, was an extinct species of primitive Homo sapiens. Nevertheless, in 2010 a team of anthrop

Carpal bones

05/15/2014 13:23:00 PM

The carpal bones are the eight small bones that make up the base of the hand. Arranged in two rows, they are called carpus as they are firmly joined together by four groups of ligament. The upper row, or distal row, is composed of the trapezium, trap

Subclavian vein

05/13/2014 20:40:00 PM

The subclavian vein is one of two veins located in the shoulder region, just beneath the clavicle (collar bone) on both sides of the body: left and right It arises in the axillary vein and drains the deoxygenated blood of the upper lumb into the brac

Common Site of Stroke

05/10/2014 14:49:00 PM

The common vascular and cortical site of a stroke is the region of the right cerebral cortex supplied by the middle cerebral artery, which originates from the internal carotid artery. This blood vessel, with its four main trunks (M1, M2, M3, and M4,

Analeptic

05/07/2014 16:21:00 PM

Analeptics are drugs that stimulate or invigorate the central nervous system. In medicine, they are used to improve breathing and heart rate. Well known analeptics are amphetamine, pentylenetetrazol, and doxagram. They have been used in the treatment

Bethanechol Chloride

05/05/2014 11:19:00 AM

Bethanechol chloride is a drug used in the treatment of dysphagia associated with schlerodermia, gastric atony, and postoperative urinary retention.Bethanechol chloride is one of a group of choline esters, which produce the effects of stimulation of

Basilic Vein

05/01/2014 18:07:00 PM

The basilic vein is one of the three main veins of the upper limb, the others being the cephalic vein and the deep brachial vein. It originates in the venous network of the back of the hand. Then, it winds around towards the border of the anterior si

Tissue Drainage

04/30/2014 12:26:00 PM

The drainage of body tissues is carried out by the lymphatic and venous systems. Without this drainage edema and hypertrophy of cutaneous and epithelial tissues would result.Tiny tubes, called lymphatic vessels, pick up and carry the intercellular li

Pentylenetetrazole

04/28/2014 14:41:00 PM

Pentylenetetrazole is an analeptic drug formerly used in combination with nicotinic acid (vitamin B3) in the treatment of memory defects, mental confusion, mental deterioration, and related symptoms of senility. Sold under the brand name of Menic, it

Lymphatic duct

04/27/2014 13:01:00 PM

The lymphatic duct is one of two major lymphatic vessels which carries the lymphatic fluid from the body tissue into the subclavian veins. One is the thoracic duct and the other the right duct.

Lymphatic Vessel

04/26/2014 13:49:00 PM

A lymphatic vessel is any of the vascular conduits in the body, which carries the extracellular fluid away from the body tissues into the venous system. Without these tiny tubes, or when these get occluded, an edema or hypertrophy of a body part may

Anterior Choroidal Artery

04/25/2014 09:34:00 AM

The anterior choroidal artery is a blood vessel of the brain which arises from the internal carotid artery, at a point just before this latter blood vessel anastomoses with the circle of Willis. It supplies structures in the base of the brain, such a

Dural Venous Sinuses

04/23/2014 13:22:00 PM

The dural venous sinuses are the meningeal ducts or conduits, into which the venous blood from the cerebral veins flows. Located in the dura mater of the meninges, just over the brain surface, their function is to drain the oxygen-depleted blood, whi

Pargyline Hydrochloride

04/22/2014 10:30:00 AM

Pargyline hydrochloride is an anti-hypertensive agent indicated in the treatment of some types of primary and secondary hypertension. It may be used alone or concurrently with most other anti-hypertensive agents. It is often effective at reduced dosa

Chelation Therapy

04/20/2014 14:00:00 PM

Chelation therapy is the treatment applied on patients who suffer from plumb, arsenic, mercury, and other metal poisoning of the blood and body tissues. The therapy consists of intravenous injections of chelation agents, such as dimercaptosuccinic ac

Dimercapto-propane Sulfonate

04/15/2014 10:51:00 AM

The dimercapto-propane sulfonate (DMPS) is used in chelating therapy to treat severe acute arsenic and mercury poisoning. It is a chemical compound admistered intravenously. Once in the blood stream, it binds to these contaminating elements, helping

Kidney secretions

04/14/2014 16:36:00 PM

Aside from regulating extracellular fluid volume, electrolyte concentrations, and acid-base balance, the kidney has also a secretory functions. Its secretions are very important in the formation of red blood cells and regulating blood pressure. The f

Dimercaptosuccinic Acid

04/13/2014 14:44:00 PM

The dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) is a drug used in the chelation therapy to treat arsenic, lead, and mercury poisoning. It is usually adminestered intravenously, but also orally. In the blood stream, the DMSA ions bind to the contaminating metal, w

Anterior Interosseous Artery

04/12/2014 14:46:00 PM

The anterior or volar interosseous artery is a blood vessel that arises from the common interosseous in the cubital fossa (upper part of forearm). Then, it runs down along the length of the forearm, between the ulna and radius, on the interosseous me

Dimercaprol

04/11/2014 14:45:00 PM

Dimercaprol is a chemical compound used in the treatment of mercury, lead, and gold poisoning. It is employed in the chelation therapy to rid the blood of these heavy metals, thus, removing the poisoning metals from the body tissue through renal excr

Radial Nerve

04/10/2014 11:17:00 AM

The radial nerve arises from the brachial plexus, precisely from the 6th, 7th, and 8th cervical roots. From its origin, it runs towards the arm, passing behind the axillary artery as it reaches the upper part of arm. It travels along the inner side o

Isobutylallylbarbituric acid

04/08/2014 13:06:00 PM

Isobutylallylbarbituric acid is a sedative barbiturate drug, which, when combined with acetaminophen, is suitable for the treatment of stress headache, head pain associated with upper respiratory infections, postpartum pain and discomfort, and pain a

Rotor

04/07/2014 10:20:00 AM

An electrical rotor is a the revolving part of an AC generator or electrical motor. Rotating inside the stator, it consists of a grooved shaft or axle, in which enamelled copper wire is wound. In a generator, the rotor induces electricity in the stat

Anterior Interosseous Nerve

04/06/2014 14:20:00 PM

The anterior interosseous nerve arises from the median nerve in the upper portion of the forearm, on the ulnar side of the cubital fossa area. Then, it runs parallel to the anterior interosseous artery. Being an efferent and motor nerve, it supplies

Imipramine Hydrochloride

04/04/2014 10:49:00 AM

Imipramine hydrochloride is a drug used in the therapy of periodic endogenous depression, in the depressive phase of manic-depressive disorders, senile depression, and in involutional melancholia. It is a white, crystalline substance that turns yello

Carbamazepine

04/03/2014 13:09:00 PM

Carbamazepine is an iminostilben derivative used in the treatment of the pain associated with true trigeminal neuralgia. It is also employed as an anticonvulsant, in the therapy of certain types of epilepsy. It is a white crystalline compound which i

Alternating Current Generation

04/02/2014 14:38:00 PM

In the late 19th century, when Nicola Tesla and George Westinghouse demonstrated that alternating current (AC) was cheaper to produce and easier to distribute to houses and factories than direct current (DC), the AC generation industry took off as hu

Median Nerve

04/01/2014 14:41:00 PM

The median nerve is a bundle of nerve fibers which arises from the lateral and median cords of the brachial plexus. It goes into the arm through the axilla, at the lower border of the teres major muscle, and then it runs down along the inner side of

Power Plant Boiler

03/31/2014 14:26:00 PM

In energy generation, a boiler is a device through which man obtains pressurized steam, which is used to power a turbine, or a series of turbines. It usually consists of a system of pipes, through which water runs and is then converted into highly pr

Relaxin

03/30/2014 14:27:00 PM

Relaxin is a polypeptide hormone produced by the corpus luteum, which is located in the woman's ovarian follicle. Its function is to make the cervix of the uterus and the pelvic ligaments relax and, thus, facilitate the childbirth. Relaxin is also a

Methyclothiazide

03/29/2014 10:21:00 AM

Methyclothiazide is a potent diuretic antihypertensive agent. Sold under the brand name of Enduron, it is used in the treatment and control of edema associated with congestive heart failure, the nephrotic syndrome, hepatic cirrhosis, pre-menstrual te

Heart Rate Regulation

03/27/2014 10:14:00 AM

Although the heart has its own electrical conducting system, the SA node and AV node, the regulation of the heart rate is conducted by two types of autonomic nervous system fibers, sympathetic and parasympathetic, making up what is called the cardiac

Blood Dyscrasias

03/26/2014 14:06:00 PM

Blood dyscrasias is a medical condition in which the elements that consitute the blood tissue, such as erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets are abnormal or simply in abnormal quantity. Hemophilia, anemia, and leukemia are examples of blood dyscras

Bishydroxycoumarin

03/25/2014 12:43:00 PM

Sold under the brand name of

Sodium Nafcillin

03/23/2014 12:55:00 PM

Sodium nafcillin is an antibiotic used in the treatment of infections known to be due to penicillinase-producing staphylocci, which have been shown to sensitive to it. It has been shown to be effective only in the therapy of infections caused by grou

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride

03/22/2014 13:32:00 PM

Methamphetamine hydrochloride is a central nervous system stimulant agent indicated for its anorectic effect in the management of exogenous obesity in a regimen of weight reduction based primarily on caloric restriction. It is also used in the therap

Oxyphenbutazone

03/20/2014 09:04:00 AM

Sold under the brand name of Tandearil, oxyphenbutazone is a potent nonsteroid, anti-inflammatory agent. Chemically, it is an analog of phenylbutazone. Each patient should be carefully evaluated before treatment is started.

Arteries of the Brain

03/19/2014 14:56:00 PM

All the arteries of the human brain originate from the internal carotid artery and the basilar artery, which are big-caliber blood vessels that supply the cerebrum and cerebelum with vital oxygen-rich blood, which is pumped by the left ventricle of t

Phenylbutazone

03/18/2014 10:30:00 AM

Phenylbutazone is an anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory agent usually used in combination with prednisone and formerly sold under the brand name of Sterazolidin. It was indicated in the chronic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and

Acenocoumarol

03/17/2014 10:58:00 AM

Acenocoumarol is an oral anticoagulant of the coumarin series, synthesized and developed in the Geigy laboratoires in the late 1960s and sold in the United States under the brand name of Sintrom. It lowers the prothrombin level of the blood. It is a

Phenmetrazine Hydrochloride

03/16/2014 18:11:00 PM

Phenmetrazine hydrochloride is an oxazine appetite suppressant used in the treatment of obesity. It is an anorexigenic agent, widely employed to curb the appetite of the obese patient. In the USA, it was fomerly sold under the brand name of Preludin.

Reserpine USP

03/14/2014 13:40:00 PM

Reserpine is a pure crystalline alkaloid obtained from the root of the plant Rauwolfia serpentina. Since it reduces arterial blood pressure and has a sedative effects, it is use in the treatment of hypertension with related emotional disturbance. Res

Desipramine Hydrochloride

03/13/2014 11:00:00 AM

Desipramine hydrochloride is a drug indicated for the relief of mental depression. Clinically, onset of action is rapid, usually within three to five days and is manifest as a lifting of depressed mood and a restoration of psychomotor activity. Sold

Dipyridamole

03/11/2014 10:33:00 AM

Dipyridamole is classified as coronary vasodilator and is used in the long-term treatment of chronic angina pectoris. Prolonged may reduce or eliminate angina episodes and improve exercise tolerance. Sold under the brand name of Persantine, this drug

Heptabarbital

03/10/2014 15:59:00 PM

Heptabarbital is a barbiturate drug formerly used as a sedative or hypnotic. In the United States it was sold under the brand name of Medomin. Heptabarbital is a cycloheptenylethyl barbituric acid. It differes from other clinically barbiturates in th

Chlorthalidone

03/08/2014 11:46:00 AM

Chlorthalidone is a diuretic agent of value used in the treatment of edema, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. The drug is notable for its prolonged action (between 48 and 72 hours), and low toxicity. Chlorthalidone differs from other sulfon

Repressor

11/10/2013 20:52:00 PM

In biology, a repressor is a protein which blocks an operon by binding to an operator gene, inhibiting the expression of one or more genes.

Origin of Missouri River

11/08/2013 16:28:00 PM

The source or origin of Missouri River is located in Montana's Rocky Mountains. Thus, the melting snow of these mountain summits gives rise to the longest river in North America. Being the Mississippi River's main tributaries, it is 2,565 mile long a

How to Measure Blood Pressure

08/30/2013 20:15:00 PM

Measuring blood pressure is very important preventive medical procedure to check for hipertension or hypotension. It is measured using an air-pumped sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope.How to measure blood pressure in the right professional way

Hypotension

08/28/2013 21:29:00 PM

Someone has hypotension when his blood pressure drops down below normal levels, which is 120 - 70mm for the sistolic and diastolic respectively. Symptoms are somnolence (sleepiness), fatigue, and headache, but if the blood pressure is too low, one fe

Hypertension

08/27/2013 20:52:00 PM

Hypertension is a medical condition characterized by chronic high blood pressure, whose measurement is above 130mm for the sistolic (high) and 80mm for the diastolic, with some patient reaching the 200--110mm for both. If not treated, hypertension ca

Arteries of Arm

08/26/2013 21:11:00 PM

The axillary artery is the origin of all the arteries of the arm. It changes its name for brachial artery after it has crossed the armpit into the upper arm, running behind the teres mayor muscle. The brachial artery goes down along the inner side of

Scoliosis

08/24/2013 21:11:00 PM

Scoliosis is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal side-to-side arching deformation of the spinal column, which may cause muscle fatigue and pain in the back. In severe cases of scoliosis, a noticeable asymmetry can be seen when looked fro

Necrosis Caused by Ischemia

08/23/2013 17:32:00 PM

Necrosis caused by ischemia is the death of body tissue by lack of oxygen-rich blood supply, due to occlusion (blockage) of one or several blood vessels or to exposure to extreme low temperatures, since cold weather makes small arteries and veins to

Myofibrillar degeneration

08/16/2013 10:31:00 AM

Myofibrillar degeneration is a heart condition characterized by a series of lesions scattered throughout the myocardium (heart muscle) or a lesion surrounding infarcts necrosis. Under the electronic microscope, dense clusters of damaged myofilaments

Fibromyalgia

08/14/2013 19:54:00 PM

Fibromyalgia is a medical condition marked by chronic pain and stiffness in joints and muscles, sleep disturbances, and fatigue, but there is no inflammation. The cause of this syndrome is unknown. Treatment consists of analgesics (pain killers).

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