Minimalist architecture is the tendency of reducing to the essentials, without excessive use of decorative elements. It is icharacterized by the extreme simplicity of its forms, pure lines, clear spaces and neutral colors, in an environment with balance and harmony.
Minimalist architecture has become one of the key trends in the last two decades and is a constant theme in exterior and interior design. Searching the reason behind this movement we should probably turn to the society or better to say the people itself who created it.
The idea of minimalism can be described as “less is more,” or as some designers and architects are fond of saying, “doing more with less.” Minimalist architects use space as a design feature in and of itself. Instead of trying to fill space with features, they create designs in which the empty space is as carefully thought out and used as everything they add to the room. Basic shapesand straight, clean lines are also important techniques used in minimalist design, as is playing around with different kinds of lighting.
Minimalist started in the early 20th century with architecture, roughly around the 1920s. Post-World War I architect Van der Rohe was one of the first prominent architects who used principles in his designs that came to exemplify minimalist design. The reason minimalist architecture started taking off was the availability of modern materials: glass, concrete, steel. Also, standardized ways of building were forming, which helped to more effectively design and build minimalist buildings. The trend continued through the mid-20th century, with notable designer and architect Buckminster Fuller (more on him below) designing domes using simple geometric shapes that still stand and look modern today.