Alcohol cravings may occur in a spontaneous manner and not attributed by internal or external factors. Cues is the term used to refer to the internal and external factors that provokes alcohol cravings. Emotional conditions like anxiety or depression are examples of internal cues. Exposure to alcohol related environment or objects such as alcohol beverages, bottles, advertisements, drinking places and others are examples of external cues.
Antidepressants belonging to the SSRI group are reported to trigger alcohol cravings. An increase in the urge to drink alcohol is one of the many side effects of Paxil. Paxil withdrawal symptoms were observed following an abrupt stop of the use of this antidepressant. Medical researches havebeen looking for ways to reduce antidepressant discontinuation syndrome. Ann Blake Tracy emphasized in the article she wrote that there is a startling link between alcoholism and drugs that increases serotonin levels.
Paxil, Zoloft, Prozac, Luvox, Serzone, Effexor,and Anafranil are the most popular examples of these kind of drug. Ann Blake Tracy is the director of director of the International Coalition for Drug Awareness, she earned a PH.D in health sciences major in psychology. Adverse reactions to serotonergic medications was the field she specialized for 14 years. She cited in her article that former alcoholics confessed of advanced cravings for alcohol once more when they used SSRI drugs.
Those that do not even drink alcohol were also driven to consume alcohol as reported. In November 1994, Yale published a study and exposed that there is a physiological reason for alcohol obsession. It laid down that SSRI drugs may trigger alcohol cravings. The research found out that an increase in either of the two neurotransmitters of the brain especially, serotonin or noradrenalin produces a craving for alcohol, anger or anxiety. The study concluded that it is true to those reformed alcoholics.
SSRI drugs, like Paxil, affect the reuptake of serotonin, a neurotransmitter of the brain responsible in regulating bodily rhythms, emotional state, appetite, attention and motivation. Its alcohol related function includes the fact that it may influence alcohol consumption. This is another adverse effect of SSRI medications added to the list of adverse events that triggered the filing of Paxil lawsuit by some patients. It is worthy to consider that medications may not always give better results. It might even be a source of another abnormal medical condition. Non-alcoholics may even feel the urge to drink while on antidepressants such as Paxil.