Snapping hip syndrome, also known as dancer’s hip, refers to a condition of the hip that is characterized by the snapping or clicking sound that it produces, or a snapping sensation which occurs during the extension or flexion of the hip, medical journals say. This syndrome is most common in dancers as osteoarthritis is to running-oriented athletes. Athletes may not be the only group of individuals who have been found with osteoarthritis, it has also been found in several elderly people. Although there is no known cure for osteoarthritis yet, there are several ways to manage its symptoms such as medications, exercise, and artificial hip implants. Treatment like simple exercises that may help control osteoarthritis and its symptoms may also be practiced apart from the treatment found in metal-to-metal implants.
According to medical professionals, the snapping hip syndrome has been found commonly in dancers due to the extreme flexibility in the hip that dancing demands. Dancers are also occupied with an elaborate amount of physical activity in connection with movement and impact which is also almost identical to athletes. Dancers endure similar hip problems that athletes may also sustain through sports. Dance medicine, a new branch of sports medicine, focuses on studying the snapping hip syndrome, doctors say. Dance medicine aims to attend to dancers’ unique physiological demands, and various methods to prevent and alleviate sustained injuries.
The snapping hip syndrome has been classified into two which is based on the location of its occurrence. The point of the condition’s occurrence may be inside the joint (intra-articular), or outside the joint (extra-articular). While there may be several possible causes contributed by the hip's structure, both types of syndrome are generally due to the snapping of a muscle or tendon causing it to go over bony prominences during hip movement.
Dancers have been said to be prone to two kinds of snapping hip syndrome, according to information published by Harkness Center for Dance Injuries. Iliotibial band snap is caused the by the snapping of the illiotibial band (a thick connective tissue over the outside the hip bone) and its tendency to go over the bone prominence of the femur. Dancers have been commonly found with this particular type of snapping hip syndrome. The second type of snapping hip syndrome occurs in the front of the hip and is characterized by the state of the deep hip flexor (iliopsoas) popping over the pelvis’ bony prominence.
With the absence of pain treating the snapping hip syndrome may not be required, nonetheless, “early intervention before the condition develops into full-blown tendinitis” is advised by Dr. Lyle J. Michell,director of the Division of Sports Medicine at Children’s Hospital and Associate Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at Harvard Medical School. If the snapping hip condition is coupled with pain, one may treat it by taking a rest from activities that may have contributed to the snapping of the hip, and standing by until the pain wears off. Taking into account how serious the symptoms may be, anti-inflammatory medications might also be prescribed. Exercises involving the stretching and massaging of the iliopsoas muscle, and hip strengthening routines may help eliminate the pain, and hasten recuperation.
If pain or a feeling of instability lingers within the hip, dancers are encouraged to communicate with a physician for proper diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and rehabilitation program. Other serious hip injuries may have also been sustained by dancers, apart from snapping hip syndrome which may have caused them to resolve to hip replacement surgery. Several defective medical devices may have been reportedly involved, resulting to DePuy hip recall.