The kidney provides a critical service for our bodies acting much as an oil filter works, that is removing waste and cleansing the body of impurities and at the same time regulating the level of chemicals that help our bodies function normally.
The kidneys allow the urine that builds up to drain down into the bladder through the Ureter tube. As the bladder is filled the urine empties down the Ureter and is expelled from the body.
What is a Kidney Stone
A kidney stone is a hard mass developed from crystals that separate from the urine within the urinary tract. Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent or inhibit the crystals from forming. These inhibitors do not seem to work for everyone, however, so some people form stones. If the crystals remain tiny enough, they will travel through the urinary tract and pass out of the body in the urine without being noticed.
Kidney stones may contain various combinations of chemicals. The most common type of stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate. These chemicals are part of a person's normal diet and make up important parts of the body, such as bones and muscles.
A less common type of stone is caused by infection in the urinary tract. This type of stone is called a struvite or infection stone. Another type of stone, uric acid stones, are a bit less common, and cystine stones are rare.
Kidney stones are actually a build-up of minerals in your kidneys caused in most cases from a pH imbalance in the body. They can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. Kidney stones are small, pebble-like deposits formed by the salts and minerals in urine
How Kidney Stone Forms
It is believed people who live in warmer climate zones are inclined to have kidney stones due to the heat that can result in dehydration that affects the makeup of the urine. who have an unusually high intake of foods high in calcium are at risk of kidney stones. people who consume large amounts of calcium antacids can increase the amount of calcium in their urine resulting in an increased risk of forming stones.
Kidney stones usually form when your urine becomes too concentrated. This causes minerals and other substances in urine to form crystals on the inner surfaces of your kidneys. Over time, these crystals may combine to form a small, hard mass, or stone. the most common cause of kidney stones is the presence of too much calcium in the urine, closely followed by a person not drinking enough water. There is also a certain amount of research to indicate that if others within y our family group have suffered with kidney stones, then you are more likely.
A person with a family history of kidney stones may be more likely to develop stones. Urinary tract infections, kidney disorders such as cystic kidney diseases, and certain metabolic disorders such as hyperparathyroidism are also linked to stone formation.
Cystinuria and hyperoxaluria are two other rare, inherited metabolic disorders that often cause kidney stones. In cystinuria, too much of the amino acid cystine, which does not dissolve in urine, is voided, leading to the formation of stones made of cystine. In patients with hyperoxaluria, the body produces too much oxalate, a salt. When the urine contains more oxalate than can be dissolved
Causes for pain
The issue of pain can be created by two things that happen when the kidney stone travels from the kidney into the Ureter. The first thing that can happen is that the stone gets stuck in the Ureter tube and backs up the urine in the kidney and this causes pressure on the kidney resulting in pain. The second thing that can occur is that as the kidney stone tries to pass down the Ureter tube the jagged edges of the stone create pain in varying degrees depending on the size and condition of the stone
Sometimes stones do not cause symptoms are found on x rays taken during a general health exam. If the stones are small, they will often pass out of the body unnoticed. Often, kidney stones are found on an x ray or ultrasound taken of someone who complains of blood in the urine or sudden pain. These diagnostic images give the doctor valuable information about the stone's size and location. Blood and urine tests help detect any abnormal substance that might promote stone formation.
The doctor may decide to scan the urinary system using a special test called a computerized tomography (CT) scan or an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). The results of all these tests help determine the proper treatment.
Symptoms of Kidney stone Existence
Generally when a kidney stone attack begins it begins suddenly with a tremendous pain either in the back and side in the area of the kidney. This can be accompanied with pain in the area of the lower abdomen. The reason kidney stones cause so much pain is due to the razor sharp jagged edges that most kidney stones have. This pain is almost always severe and constant and doesn't stop until the kidney stone passes or a cure of some type is administered.
The first sign of a kidney stone is pain over the hip on your back between the hip and the spine. This is the sign that the kidney stone is moving into the ureter. As the stone moves, the pain will move from the back into the stomach and later into the groin area as it descends down and out of the urinary tract. Other symptoms are:
* Chills, fever.
* Pyuria - pus in the urine.
* Persistent urge to urinate.
* Frequent nausea and vomiting.
* Hematuria - presence of blood in the urine.
If the stone is too large to pass easily, pain continues as the muscles in the wall of the narrow ureter try to squeeze the stone into the bladder. As the stone moves and the body tries to push it out, blood may appear in the urine, making the urine pink. As the stone moves down the ureter, closer to the bladder, a person may feel the need to urinate more often or feel a burning sensation during urination
Causes of Kidney Stone Formation
If a family member has had stones, issues with acid reflux, thyroid, urinary tract infections, gallstones, and similar ph balance issues, the chances are very high that kidney stones might be in your future. Another strong indicator is that of diet. A high protein diet, with the regular consumption of meats will lead to a higher frequency of kidney stones
If you feel any kind of symptoms of kidney stone then you should immediately seek the help of your family doctor. He can diagnose whether you have a kidney stone and if so what is the type of kidney stone and so on. An urologist can also help you in kidney stone diagnosis. He can also provide treatment of diseases in urinary tract .
First and foremost, drink plenty of water each and every day. One must understand that these are only a few of the most obvious kidney stones causes. Water is the best treatment for kidneys tones. They are mainly formed by dehydration in the body causing concentrated urine. When you drink plenty of water, the urine concentration decreases and the formation of kidney stones can be prevented. Even when you have developed kidney stones, water can help you in a great way by flushing the stones out of the kidney
Avoid oily, fried and protein rich food.
Do not eat any thing which causes acidity
Vitamin ‘A’ is good for treating kidney stones as it strengthen the urinary system
Do not take excess milk or milk products.
Fruits like apple, watermelon are highly beneficial for kidney stones
Radish and lady fingers are in treating kidney stones
Take green leafy vegetables
Drink plenty of water, which dilutes the urine
Avoid some vegetables like, cauliflower, peas, carrots etc., and fruits like strawberries
Avoid alcohol, pickles, chocolates
Coconut water is helpful in passing off small stones through urine
Take proper rest- 7 to 8 hours sleep
Consume Pomegranate – 2 to 3 times daily
Avoid oxalate rich foods like beans, blueberries, celery, summer squash and tea